FRIENDS OF ANAHUAC REFUGE

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Birds at Anahuac NWR

Below is a list of bird species that are listed as seen on the refuge according to the USFWS. Photos of birds were taken at Anahuac NWR unless otherwise noted. Photographs used with permission by photographers.

Special thanks to the following contributors:

Allen Biedrzycki (AB), Joe Blackburn (JB), Mason Henicke (MH), Greg Jackson (GJ), Matthew Jackson (MJ), George Nobles (GN), Colin Shields (CS), Quentin Thigpen (QT), Norman Welsh (NW)

The symbols identify when the species is typically seen on the refuge and how often. 

 A Abundant- A common species that is very numerous. C Common-Certain to be seen in suitable habitats.
 U Uncommon-Present, not certain to be seen. O Occasional-Seen few times during the season
 R Rare-Seen at intervals of 2 to 5 years X Accidental-Has been seen only once or twice
 * Nesting species 

Click here for printable USFWS Anahuac NWR bird list (June 2003) 

FamilySpecies SpringSummer FallWinter
Loons      
 Common Loon     U
Grebes
      
 Least Grebe
 Accidental    
 Pied-billed Grebe

NW C A C C
 Horned Grebe
QT    O
 Eared Grebe
  C  C C
Boobies and Gannets
      

Northern Gannet
 Accidental   
Pelicans
      
 American White Pelican
  C  C A
 Brown Pelican

NW O  O O
Cormorants
      
 Neotropic Cormorant

MJ U O U U
 Double Crested Cormorant
NW C  C C
Anhingas
      
 Anhinga
NW U U U O
Frigatebirds
      
 Magnificent Frigatebird
NW
  O O 
Bitterns and Herons
      
 American Bittern

JB C  C O
 Least Bittern*NW C C C 
 Great Blue Heron*

MJ C C C C
 Great Egret*

MJ C C C C
 Snowy Egret*
AB
NW
 C C C C
 Little Blue Heron*
NW U U U U
 Tricolored Heron*

JB C C C C
 Reddish Egret

MJ  O  
 Cattle Egret*

JB A A A O
 Green Heron*

MH C C C R
 Black-crowned Night-Heron*
NW C C C U
 Yellow-crowned Night-Heron*

AB U U U O
Ibises and Spoonbills
      
 White Ibis

MJ C C C C
 Glossy Ibis
  R O O O
 White-faced Ibis
NW C C A C
 Roseate Spoonbill

QT
MJ
 C C C C
Storks
      
 Wood Stork

JB
NW
  U U 
American Vultures
      
 Black Vulture
NW C U U U
 Turkey Vulture
NW C C C C
Ducks, Geese, and Swans
      
 Black-bellied Whistling Duck*

AB
NW
 U U U O
 Fulvous Whistling Duck*
NW C U U O
 Greater White-fronted Goose
  O  A A
 Snow Goose

JB U  A A
 Ross' Goose
  R  U U
 Canada Goose  O  C A
 Tundra SwanWP
  Accidental
 Wood DuckNW   U U
 GadwallNW C  A A
 Eurasian Wigeon Accidental   
 American Wigeon

NW C  C O
 American Black Duck Accidental   
 MallardNW C  A A
 Mottled Duck*

NW C C C C
 Blue-winged Teal*AB A R A O
 Cinnamon TealGN
    U
 Northern Shoveler

NW A  A A
 Northern Pintail  C  A A
 Green-winged TealNW C  A A
 CanvasbackNW
 U  U C
 RedheadNW O  O O
 Ring-necked DuckNW
(male)
NW
(female)
 U  C C
 Greater Scaup     R
 Lesser ScaupNW C  C C
 Black Scoter Accidental   
 Long-tailed Duck Accidental   
 Bufflehead  O   O
 Common Goldeneye     R
 Hooded Merganser    R R
 Red-breasted MerganserWP A   U
 Masked Duck*   R R 
 Ruddy Duck*

NW C R C C
FamilySpecies SpringSummerFallWinter
Hawks, Kites, and Eagles      
 Osprey

NW O  O O
 White-tailed KiteNW U  U C
 Mississippi Kite  O  O 
 Bald Eagle

JB   O O
 Northern HarrierNW
(female)
NW
(male)
 C R C C
 Sharp-shinned Hawk  O  O 
 Cooper's HawkNW O  O  
 Red-shouldered HawkQT O O O O
 Broad-winged Hawk  U  U 
 Swainson's Hawk  U  U 
 White-tailed HawkNW X  O O
 Red-tailed Hawk

MH C  C C
 Ferruginous Hawk Accidental   
 Rough-legged Hawk    R R
 Golden Eagle    R R
Carcaras and Falcons      
 Crested Carcara*

GJ R   U
 American Kestrel    C C
 MerlinNW R  R 
 Peregrine FalconNW O  O O
 Prairie Falcon  R  R 
Pheasants and Turkeys      
 Ring-necked Pheasant  O O O O
New World Quail      
 Northern Bobwhite*

NW U U U U
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots      
 Yellow Rail  U  U U
 Black RailNW O R O O
 Clapper Rail*

NW C C C C
 King Rail*NW C C C C
 Virginia Rail  U  U U
 SoraJB U  U U
 Purple Gallinule*

JB

 C C U 
 Common Gallinule*NW C A C C
 American Coot*

MJ A O A A
Cranes      
 Sandhill Crane     O
Plovers      
 Black-bellied Plover

CS C  C U
 American Golden-Plover  A  R 
 Snowy Plover   R  
 Semipalmated PloverNW U  U 
 Piping Plover   O O 
 Killdeer*WP C C A A
Stilts and Avocets
     
 Black-necked Stilt*NW C C C 
 American AvocetNW U  C U
Jacanas      
 Northern Jacana Accidental   
FamilySpecies SpringSummerFallWinter
Sandpipers and Phalaropes      
 Greater YellowlegsNW A  A C
 Lesser YellowlegsNW A  A C
 Solitary SandpiperNW U  U 
 Willet

MJ C C C C
 Spotted SandpiperNW C  C U
 Upland SandpiperNW C  C 
 Whimbrel

JB O  R 
 Long-billed CurlewJB C  C C
 Hudsonian Godwit  O   
 Marbled GodwitNW C  C U
 Ruddy Turnstone

NW
(breeding plummage)
NW
 O  O O
 Surfbird Accidental   
 Red Knot  O  O 
 Sanderling  U O U U
 Semipalmated Sandpiper  A  A 
 Western Sandpiper  A  A C
 Least Sandpiper  C  C U
 White-rumped SandpiperNW U   
 Baird's Sandpiper  U  U 
 Pectoral Sandpiper  A  A 
 DunlinNW A  A C
 Stilt SandpiperNW A  A 
 Buff-breasted Sandpiper  O  O 
 Short-billed DowitcherNW U  U U
 Long-billed DowitcherNW A  A C
 Wilson's SnipeNW C  C C
 American Woodcock  U  U U
 Wilson's PhalaropeNW
(female)
NW
(male)
 U  U 
 RuffJB
(female)
Accidental   
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers      
 Laughing GullNW A A A C
 Franklin's Gull    O 
 Ring-billed GullNW C  C C
 California Gull Accidental   
 Herring GullNW C  U C
 Bonaparte's GullNW U  U O
 Gull-billed TernNW C C C O
 Caspian Tern  U U U U
 Royal TernNW U U U U
 Sandwich TernNW  O  
 Common Tern  O  O R
 Forster's TernNW C C C C
 Least Tern*NW C C  
 Sooty Tern Accidental   
 Black TernNW A C A 
 Black SkimmerNW U U U R
Pigeons and Doves      
 Rock Dove    R 
 Band-tailed Pigeon Accidental   
 Eurasian Collard-Dove  R R R R
 White-winged Dove  R  R 
 Mourning Dove*NW C C C C
 Inca Dove*  R R R 
 Common Ground- Dove    R 
Cuckoos      
 Black-billed CuckooNW
(Smith Oaks)
 O   
 Yellow-billed CuckooNW C U  
 Groove-billed AniNWAccidental   
Barn Owls      
 Barn OwlJB U U U U
Typical Owls      
 Eastern Screech-Owl  R R R R
 Great Horned Owl  O O O O
 Burrowing OwlJB   O O
 Short-eared OwlNW
   U U
Goatsuckers      
 Common Nighthawk*

JB A A C 
 Chuck-will's-widow  U  U 
 Eastern Whip-poor-willGN
 U  U 
Swifts      
 Chimney Swift  R  R 
Hummingbirds      
 Ruby-throated
 U  U 
Kingfishers      
 Belted KingfisherNW
(female)
NM
(male)
 C  C U
Woodpeckers      
 Red-headed Woodpecker   R  
 Red-bellied WoodpeckerNW O R  
 Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
    O 
 Downy Woodpecker*  U U U U
 Northern Flicker  U  C O
 Pileated Woodpecker Accidental   
Tyrant Flycatchers      
 Olive-sided Flycatcher  R  U 
 Eastern Wood-PeweeNW U  U 
 Yellow-bellied Flycatcher  U  U 
 Acadian Flycatcher  U  U 
 Alder FlycatcherNW R  R 
 Willow Flycatcher  U  U 
 Least Flycatcher  U  U 
 Eastern PhoebeNW U  C C
 Say's Phoebe
   Accidental 
 Vermilion Flycatcher
 O  O 
 Ash-throated Flycatcher  U  U R
 Great Crested Flycatcher
 U  U 
 Western KingbirdNW R  R 
 Eastern Kingbird*NW C U C 
 Scissor-tailed Flycatcher*NW C U C 
 Great KiskadeeWPAccidental   
Shrikes      
 Loggerhead Shrike*NW C U C C
Vireos      
 White-eyed Vireo  U  U 
 Yellow-throated Vireo  O   
 Blue-headed Vireo  U  U R
 Warbling Vireo  O   
 Philadelphia Vireo  O   
 Red-eyed Vireo
 U  U 
Crows and Jays      
 Blue Jay    U C
 American Crow Accidental   
Larks      
 Horned Lark*  C U C C
Swallows      
 Purple Martin*  C C  
 Tree Swallow  A  A 
 Violet-green Swallow Accidental   
 Northern Rough-winged  U  U 
 Bank SwallowNW U  U 
 Cliff SwallowNW U  U 
 Barn Swallow*NW A C A 
Chickadees and Titmice      
 Carolina Chickadee  U U U U
Creepers      
 Brown Creeper    U 
Wrens      
 Carolina Wren  U U U U
 House Wren  C  U O
 Winter Wren    R R
 Sedge Wren  C  C C
 Marsh Wren*QT U U U U
Kinglets      
 Golden-crowned Kinglet    O 
 Ruby-crowned KingletNW C  U O
Gnatcatchers      
 Blue-gray GnatcatcherNW C  C U
Thrushes      
 Eastern Bluebird Accidental   
 Veery  O  O 
 Gray-cheeked Thrush  U  U 
 Swainson's Thrush  C  C 
 Hermit Thrush  U  O O
 Wood Thrush  U  U 
 American Robin    O O
FamilySpecies SpringSummerFallWinter
Mockingbirds and Thrashes      
 Gray Catbird
 C  U 
 Northern Mockingbird*NW U C U U
 Sage Thrasher Accidental   
 Brown Thrasher  U  C U
Starlings      
 European Starling*NW C C C C
Pipits      
 American PipitNW U  C C
 Sprague's Pipit    O O
Wood-warblers      
 Blue-winged Warbler  O   
 Golden-wing Warbler  O   
 Tennessee Warbler  C  C 
 Orange-crowned WarblerNW U  U O
 Nashville Warbler  U  U 
 Northern ParulaNW
(female)
 O   
 Yellow Warbler

NW C  C 
 Chesnut-sided Warbler

NW U   
 Magnolia Warbler

NW C  C 
 Black-throated Blue Warbler  R   
 Yellow-rumped WarblerNW C  U C
 Black-throated Green WarblerNW C  C 
 Townsend's Warbler Accidental   
 Blackburnian Warbler

NW O   
 Yellow-throated WarblerNW O   
 Prairie Warbler    R 
 Palm WarblerNW U  O 
 Bay-breasted WarblerNW U   
 Blackpoll Warbler  O   
 Cerulean Warbler  R  R 
 Black-and-white Warbler

NW C  C 
 American Redstart
 
NW
NW
 U  U 
 Prothonotary Warbler

NW U  U 
 Worm-eating Warbler  O   
 Swainson's Warbler  R   
 Ovenbird  O   
 Northern Waterthrush  C  C 
 Louisiana Waterthrush  U  U 
 Kentucky Warbler  U   
 Common Yellowthroat*NW C U C C
 Hooded Warbler  U   
 Wilson's Warbler  U  U 
 Canada Warbler  O   
 Yellow-breasted Chat  U  U 
Tanagers      
 Summer TanagerNW U  U 
 Scarlet TanagerNW
 U   
Sparrows and Allies      
 Eastern Towhee     U
 Chipping Sparrow    O 
 Field SparrowNW    U
 Vesper Sparrow  U  U 
 Lark SparrowNW O  O 
 Black-throated Sparrow Accidental   
 Lark Bunting Accidental   
 Savannah SparrowAB A  A A
 LeConte's Sparrow  U   U
 Nelson Sharp-tailedNW U  U U
 Seaside Sparrow*NW C C C C
 Song Sparrow  U  U O
 Lincoln's SparrowNW U  U U
 Swamp SparrowNW C  C C
 White-throated SparrowNW U  U U
 Harris' Sparrow    R 
 White-crowned Sparrow

MJ U  U U
 Dark-eyed JuncoNW    O
Cardinals, Grosbeaks, and Allies      
 Northern Cardinal*  C O O C
 Rose-breasted Grosbeak
 C   
 Blue GrosbeakNW C  C 
 Indigo Bunting

 C  C 
 Painted Bunting*NW
(female)
 U U  
 Dickcissel*

NW A C  
Blackbirds      
 Bobolink  R   
 Red-winged Blackbird

JB A A A A
 Eastern Meadowlark*

NW A A A A
 Western Meadowlark  O  O O
 Yellow-headed BlackbirdNW R  R 
 Brewer's Blackbird     U
 Common GrackleNW C C C C
 Boat-tailed Grackle*

NW A A A A
 Great-tailed GrackleNW  R  
 Brown-headed Cowbird*NW
(L-male, R-female)
 C U C A
 Orchard Oriole*

JB
(immature)
NW
(adult male)
 C C U 
 Baltimore Oriole

NW U  U 
Finches      
 American GoldfinchNW    U
Old World Sparrows      
 House Sparrow*  O O O O





The Friends of Anahuac Refuge was established in 1997 as a 501(c)3 non-profit organization based in Anahuac, TX.

For questions, call the refuge office at 409-267-3337.

Email: FriendsofAnahuacRefuge@gmail.com


Mailing Address:

P.O. Box 1348

Anahuac, TX 77514

Refuge Office Address:

4017 FM 563, Anahuac, TX 77514

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